Overall description of the stakeholder
Sitting in the western part of Gyeonggi Province, Bucheon has a population of 870,978 (as of September 2018) in the area of 53.45 km2 with an annual budget of 1 trillion 776.7 billion won for 2018. It grew as an industrial city in the 1970s and 1980s, and is currently renowned as a city of culture in the fields of film, comics, animation, and music. In 2017, in particular, Bucheon was named as UNESCO City of Literature. With its population density of 16,270/km2, second highest after Seoul, Bucheon used to face serious problems of lack of green spaces and heavy traffic jams, but has recently improved the urban environment significantly with the City’s proactive policies on climate change, environment and eco-transport. The administrative organization of the Bucheon City Government includes six bureaus, 38 divisions, and 182 teams in the headquarters; one public health center; five worksites; and ten administrative welfare centers; and 26 community service centers, and employs a total of 2,279 public employees. The City is comprised of 36 Dongs, or its administrative districts.
Activities in the field of climate action
The development and execution of policies with regard to climate action are undertaken by Environment Division of Environment Project Bureau, Fine Dust Countermeasure Office, and Transport Project Division. For greenhouse gas emissions reduction measures aimed at fighting climate change and global warming, policies and projects in ten categories are being carried out, including renewable energy complex construction and expansion of facilities; broader distribution of electric vehicles; greenhouse gas and energy target management in public sector; emission trading scheme; Carbon Point Program; expanding the network of low-carbon life and culture; and detailed implementation plan for adaptation to climate change.
The City is able to share its experience on the establishment and implementation of policies on said fields and subjects in regard of climate action, which include the following:
- Expansion of renewable energy use and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
- Daily practice of greenhouse gas emissions reduction: a network of private-public partnership with citizens’ voluntary participation was established to propagate low-carbon life and culture through daily practice of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- Low-carbon transport (establishment and implementation of eco-transport policy, and broader distribution of electric vehicles)
- Sharing cloud-based traffic information center operation know-how and state-of-the-art system
- Adaptation to climate change
Exchanges of information may take the form of exchange of views via online platform; offline exchanges of policies and knowledge through policy dialogues, workshops, or seminars; and/or promotion of climate actions and participation in PR activities though public events.
Online or offline information sharing and exploration of opportunities for cooperation are possible in the areas of: sub-agenda of the aforementioned low-carbon pedestrian-centric eco-transport policies; establishment of cooperative governance to fight climate change; establishment of inter-city network for cooperation; and measures to strengthen local municipalities’ ability on climate action. Detailed exchanges and cooperation types may be discussed on a case-by-case basis.