AboutThematic Priority Sectors
The impact on the climate is determined by many factors such as energy consumption for various purposes and services, transportation, building, production and consumption of goods. Considering the contribution to GHG emissions reduction in Korea, the EU-Korea Climate Action Project will focus on the thematic areas of renewable energy, energy efficiency in buildings and low-carbon mobility in 2020.
The abundant use of fossil energies such as coal, petroleum oil and natural gas for power generation and transport is the major source of carbon emissions to the atmosphere. Korea’s share of new and renewable energy in electricity generation was about 9% which decreases to 4% if the waste, fuel cell and IGCC (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) are excluded according to the IEA’s definition of RE. The project helps non-state stakeholders to accelerate actions that effectively switch energy use from fossil fuel to renewable energy.
Buildings have a long life-cycle which can lock in high carbon emissions for decades if not designed for wise energy use. Savings in energy means to gain financial wins through less emission. Non-state actors such as local governments in collaboration with utilities, developers, building industry, building owners and occupants have ample room for focused action to accelerate zero energy building and improve energy performance of existing buildings.
There are ample options to connect people conveniently through low-carbon transportation modes. Electric trains, trams and electric buses are the best public transport solutions. Electric drives are the upcoming solution also for automobiles and will replace the conventional combustion engines. The most sustainable mobility choices are cycling and walking. Since every mode in itself is limited to achieve the mobility demands in most cases, low carbon mobility requires a combination of efficient transport modes and infrastructure to conveniently reach a desired destination with the least possible carbon footprint.